Sociological perspectives on education a comparison of structural theory and conflict theory

Sociological theory

This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory. Professional development for teachers on gender equity in the sciences: How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contrasting their assumptions and by analyzing the two theories affect on social stratification.

Certain educational problems have their basis in social interaction and expectations. Unlike functionalists who defend the status quo, avoid social change, and believe people cooperate to effect social order, conflict theorists challenge the status quo, encourage social change even when this means social revolutionand believe rich and powerful people force social order on the poor and the weak.

This leaves the proletariat workers with alienation, oppression and a potential motive to overthrow the capitalists and establish a classless society.

Three Major Perspectives in Sociology

Most of us met many of our friends while we were in school at whatever grade level, and some of those friendships endure the rest of our lives.

Capitalists are people who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profits. Consider applying symbolic interactionism to the American institution of marriage. The latter concern with scientific knowledge results from the fact that a sociologist is part of the very object they seek to explain.

Symbolic interactionism concentrates on individuals who assign, share and agree on symbolic meanings and mannerisms.

This networking may become professional or remain personal. Conflict perspective is traced to the works of Karl Marx who saw the historic, economic stages society goes through as leading to deepening divisions between those who hold the means of production and those who are put to work by them to earn wages for their labor.

Due to human subjectivity, theorists believe that discovering the objective truth is impossible or unachievable. Functionalists claim that schools sort based upon merit; conflict theorists argue that schools sort along distinct class and ethnic lines.

Compare and contrast the functionalist perspective with the conflict perspective.

Functions in this system may be of two types: Each part of society, like each organ in a human body, has some role to play in the overall health Wealth, power, and prestige are qualities that all people desire.

The farther from the teacher a student sat, the weaker that student performed. Much faulty communication can result from differences in the perception of the same events and symbols. The benefits of this approach include increased clarity and the ability to use mathematics to derive implications of a theory that cannot be arrived at intuitively.

In this view, social institutions are some of the most important organs. This process helps us understand why tracking is bad for the students tracked down.

This approach uses both micro and macro level analysis. Sociologists today employ three primary theoretical perspectives: For example, a teacher who believes a certain student to be intellectually gifted may well encourage exceptional academic performance.

Functionalism v. The Conflict Theory v. Symbolic Interactionism

Lastly, sociologists Max Weber and George Herbert Mead influenced symbolic interactionism, an idea that is stemmed from symbols. A second function of education is social integration. Functionalists point to other latent roles of education such as transmission of core values and social control.

The symbolic interactionist perspective The symbolic interactionist perspective, also known as symbolic interactionism, directs sociologists to consider the symbols and details of everyday life, what these symbols mean, and how people interact with each other.

Conflict theories draw attention to power differentials, such as class, gender and race conflict, and contrast historically dominant ideologies.

Grounded theory is a systematic methodology in the social sciences involving the generation of theory from data. A symbolic interactionist might say that the meaning of the family depends on how each individual perceives the family.

Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism theories. Another benefit that functionalists see in education is sorting—separating students on the basis of merit. Although no one plots this behind closed doors, our schoolchildren learn patriotic values and respect for authority from the books they read and from various classroom activities.

Likewise, schools overtly teach patriotism, a preserver of political structure. Diachrony, on the other hand, attempts to analyze dynamic sequences. Families tighten their budgets.

Conflict Theory and Functionalism

Socialisation, gender, and the hidden curriculum of high-stakes testing. Quarterly Journal of Economics,—; Schanzenbach, D.

Moreover, the heavy emphasis on research at most institutions of higher education puts them on the cutting edge of changes in knowledge, and, in many cases, changes in values as well. Functionalism has received criticism for neglecting the negative functions of an event such as divorce.

That is, a society is made up of various parts that are all necessary to the overall functioning of that society. The significance of this study lies in the fact that the researchers had randomly selected a number of average students.

The Three Main Sociological Perspectives 1 The Three Main Sociological Perspectives From Mooney, Knox, and Schacht, Understanding Social Problems, 5 th edition Theories in sociology provide us with different perspectives with which to view our social world.

Sociological Perspectives on Education – Summary Grid. The New Right View of Education. The Functionalist, Marxist and New Right Views of Education – A Comparison.

Related Online Sources. 21 Responses to The Functionalist Perspective on Education.

Compare and contrast the functionalist perspective with the conflict perspective.

Pingback: The Marxist Perspective on Education | ReviseSociology. Conflict theory originated in the work of Karl Marx, who focused on the causes and consequences of class conflict between the bourgeoisie (the owners of the means of production and the capitalists) and the proletariat (the working class and the poor).

The view of both conflict perspective and functionalist perspective as it relates to education and economy The view of both conflict perspective and functionalist perspective as it related to religion Marxists and functionalists view religion as a very important force in society but for very different reasons.

Comparing and contrasting the functionalist perspective with that of the conflict theory Marxist and functionalism are similar in that they see that the way society is structured as an important part in determining the way people have relationships and behave between themselves. and (b) a conflict theory, stating that employment requirements reflect the efforts of competing status groups to monopolize or dominate jobs by imposing their cultural standards on the selection process.

Sociological perspectives on education a comparison of structural theory and conflict theory
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